U.S. citizens detained for speaking Spanish at Montana grocery store settle suit against U.S. Customs and Border Protection


A pair of American women detained by a U.S. Customs and Border Protection agent after they were overheard speaking in Spanish at a Montana convenience store have reached an undisclosed settlement in their lawsuit against agency, the ACLU announced.

Ana Suda and Martha “Mimi” Hernandez were out buying groceries in the city of Havre, a small town about 35 miles from the Canadian border, when they were approached by Agent Paul O’Neal the night of May 16, 2018. He asked both women for their IDs and then admitted to doing so because he heard them chatting in another language.

The incident sparked widespread backlash after video of the interaction, recorded by Suda, went viral online.

“Ma’am, the reason I asked you for your ID is because I came in here and I saw that you guys are speaking Spanish, which is very unheard of up here,” O’Neal can be heard saying in the clip.

When asked whether he was racially profiling them, the agent denied it.

“It has nothing to do with that,” he says. “It’s the fact that it has to do with you guys speaking Spanish in the store, in a state where it’s predominantly English-speaking.”

Suda was born in Texas and moved to Montana with her husband in 2014. Hernandez was born in California and moved to Montana in 2010. Both are certified nursing assistants and worked at an assisted-living center in the state.

The pair also had valid Montana driver’s licenses and showed them to O’Neal and a supervisor, who arrived later on the scene. According to the lawsuit, the agents made it clear through words and actions that the women were not free to leave the convenience store parking lot for nearly an hour.

Their lawsuit contended O’Neal violated their Fourth Amendment right “because there was no legitimate reason to seize the women; and of equal protection, because the agent singled the women out based on race, relying on their use of Spanish as justification and proxy for race.”

The court documents additionally noted that “America is a multi-lingual, multi-racial and multi-ethnic country” with “no official language.”

In settling the case, U.S. Customs and Border Protection did not admit liability and added in a statement that “the overwhelming majority of CBP employees and officers perform their duties with honor and distinction, working tirelessly every day to keep our country safe.”

It’s unclear whether O’Neal still works for the agency or if he faced any disciplinary action in the case.

In wake of filing their complaint against the agency, both Suda and Hernandez moved out of Havre due to the backlash they faced over the viral incident.

The city of nearly 10,000 people, located about about 30 miles from the U.S.-Canada border and near two Native American reservations, is mostly white, with about 15% Native American and about 4% Hispanic, according to the U.S. Census.

“We stood up to the government because speaking Spanish is not a reason to be racially profile and harassed,” Suda said in a statement provided by the ACLU.

“I am proud to be bilingual, and I hope that as a result of this case CBP takes a hard look at its policies and practices. No one else should ever have to go through this again.”

2 thoughts on “U.S. citizens detained for speaking Spanish at Montana grocery store settle suit against U.S. Customs and Border Protection

  • Spanish was one of my high school classes. Educators recommend learning at least one foreign language. This took place near the Canadian border. Canada has a large French-speaking population. I wonder if they challenge those folks.


    Liked by 2 people

    • Hello Cagjr. I have always admired people who can learn and speak different languages. I can hardly speak english and do not do so properly but colloquially. Languages is a skill I do not seem to possess. I spent years in Germany and even though I had a lot of German friends who tried to help I never learned more than a few phrases.

      However funny story. When out with my buddies we would stop at shops or kiosks to get stuff like a quick bite to eat or drink. In these places my friends had trouble getting anything yet I seemed able to get helpful people who were wonderful at making sure I got what I wanted. I asked one of my German friends about this. He said it was because I tried to speak German even as much as I mangled it, I still tried. Most Germans spoke English better than us soldiers. So they switched to english for me and it worked out for everyone. The other guys would go in speaking English and demanding the shop people do so also, and the shop people were offended by that attitude. Makes sense I guess. I never understood putting on airs especially in other people’s country, we all like to be respected. Hugs


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